Monthly Archives: March 2017
There seems to be some question as to what predestination is. This quote from “The Mystical City of God” might add some clarity.
The predestined were chosen by free grace, and the foreknown were reprobated with exact justice. All that was convenient and necessary for the conservation of the human race and for obtaining the end of the Redemption and the Predestination, was preordained, without interfering with the free will of men; for such ordainment was more conformable to God’s nature and to divine equity. There was no injustice done to them, for if with their free will they could sin, so also could they abstain from sin by means of grace and the light of reason. God violated the right of no one, since He forsook no one nor denied to any one that which is necessary. Since his law is written in the hearts of men, nobody is excused for not knowing and loving Him as the highest Good of all creation.
Mary of Agreda. Mystical City of God: Full Edition (Kindle Locations 1505-1510). Stella Maris Media. Kindle Edition.
Rubrics for the singing of the Traditional Latin Mass
Let us review some terms and basic rubrics for the Traditional Latin Mass, also known in modernist terms as the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite. There is charity in truth and there is peace and unity in truth. There is no charity in silence and appeasement.
Read Mass or Missa Lecta
Commonly referred to as “Low” Mass, the Mass is more properly referred to as a “Read Mass.” This comes from its Latin name, Missa Lecta. The Mass, in history, would have always been Solemn (see below), but as parishes and villages developed away from monasteries and cathedrals; and as mendicant Orders journeyed to preach, priests would desire to offer the Holy Sacrifice for themselves and the souls they found on their journeys. The Missa Lecta was developed for this purpose. It is a quiet and contemplative Mass with one server only, though two can be “tolerated.” The Mass is entirely in Latin, though, in accord with the legitimate Law as prescribed by Pope Benedict XVI, in Universae Ecclesiae the Lesson(s), Epistle and Gospel may be said in the vernacular from an approved translation at the time (1962) from the Altar without first being read in Latin. There is normally no music permitted.
Read Mass with Music
Music is not permitted in a Read Mass except in specific circumstances. In fact, a more proper word than permitted would be tolerated, in its classic sense. One may have an organ prelude or postlude and organ music at the Offertory or during Communion in those times of the year where organ music is not prohibited. No solo organ music is permitted in the Mass during Advent, except on Gaudete Sunday or in the season of Lent on Laetare Sunday. No solo organ music is permitted under anytime at a Requiem Mass. Organ music may be used at a Requiem Mass only to support the singing and only if absolutely necessary to even do that. Music or, hymn sinning may be used at a Read Mass in the following manner. A hymn may be sung as a processional and the recessional and these may be in the vernacular. A Latin hymn may be sung at the Offertory and the Communion but it may not be the text of the Proper of the Mass which must be read by the priest aloud and heard by the faithful in attendance. A hymn may be sung in the vernacular at the Offertory and Communion provided it is connected with the liturgical action. For example, the Offertory hymn could be, “See Us Lord, About Your Altar,” or, “Lord, Accept the Gifts We Offer.” At Communion, the hymn, if in the vernacular, must be a hymn to the Blessed Sacrament or be a hymn of Thanksgiving. The Gloria and Credo cannot be sung at a Read Mass. A Kyrie, Sanctus and Agnus Dei may be sung if it is short, for example, Mass XVI or Mass XVIII, never Mass IX per se. All singing must conclude so that the action of the Priest is not delayed and the audible texts are not covered by music. The Priest does not sing the Collect or Postcommunion nor any other oration, nor does he chant in any way the salutations, nor do the people respond in chant. These are only said.
Sung Mass—or Missa Canata or Solemn Mass—Missa Solemnis
All Propers must be sung, there are no exceptions. The Epistle and Gospel must be sung, there are no exceptions. All salutations and response are sung, there are no exceptions. If the priest cannot sing the melismatic tones of the Lesson, Epistle or Gospel, then he can chant them recto tono, on the same note. If the Schola cannot manage to sing the Proper chants with the melisma, then it is permissible to sing them in psalm tone, or recto tono. They can also be sung in Polyphony when considered appropriate. At the Offertory and Communion, Latin motets or hymns can also be sung, but only after the Proper Antiphon.
The musical rubrics apply to a Requiem Mass as to the degree above.
Holy Mother Church has determined the above rubrics in order to ensure the proper dignity of the Mass. When we work within the Laws of the Church, there is peace and understanding and serene contemplation of the holy actions taking place before us.
When we deviate from these for pastoral or other reasons or through pressure, we create confusion and disunity and distress and these are not from the Holy Spirit; we insert our own desired into the liturgy, where it does not belong. None of us are masters of the Liturgy of God, we are the servants. We must do our work in truth and humility, we must submit to the mind of the Church and we must reject any inculturation and pastoral provision that deviates from the truth.
At no time is a guitar permitted during a Traditional Latin Mass. (emphasis mine)
There is no evidence that Fr. Franz Gruber, S.J. ever permitted Stille Nacht on guitar at a Midnight Mass due to a broken organ. This is “fake news.”
At no time is it permitted to sing anything in the vernacular in a Sung or Solemn Mass. Any reference to what occurred between the great wars in Europe in Germany, Belgium or Holland should be understood in the context of dissent and diabolical disorientation that lead to the complete upheaval of the holy liturgy.
Lest one doubt the above. Be assured that every educated Catholic in proper Church music and liturgy according to its venerable tradition is aware of these rubrics and knows where to find the sources. Let those who labour for the love of true worship of the LORD in the timeless liturgy understand the need to maintain consistency, peace and serenity in the work before us. This peace and serenity can only be achieved if we work within that which we are given. By humbling ourselves to the timelessness, we will achieve peace in our work. It is when deviations occur that we bring disunity and cognitive dissonance to the holy work before us.
Una Voce Toronto
This is excerpted from an April, 2016 post at Roman Catholic Man. The quoted data is from a 2002 survey of the Index of Leading Catholic Indicators. I venture that things have only gotten worse since then.
In 1965, only one percent of U.S. parishes were without a priest. Today, there are 3,000 priestless parishes, 15 percent of all U.S. parishes. Between 1965 and 2002, the number of seminarians dropped from 49,000 to 4,700, a decline of over 90 percent. In 1965, there were 104,000 teaching nuns. Today, there are 8,200, a decline of 94 percent. A 1958 Gallup Poll reported that three in four Catholics attended church on Sundays. A recent study by the University of Notre Dame found that only one in four now attend. Only 10 percent of lay religious teachers now accept Church teaching on contraception. Fifty-three percent believe a Catholic can have an abortion and remain a good Catholic. Sixty-five percent believe that Catholics may divorce and remarry. Seventy-seven percent believe one can be a good Catholic without going to Mass on Sundays. By one New York Times poll, 70 percent of all Catholics in the age group 18 to 44 believe the Eucharist is merely a ‘symbolic reminder’ of Jesus.
Froim the Catholic Herald:
Musicam Sacram, the Holy See’s Instruction on liturgical music, was promulgated 50 years ago yesterday. It is very much a fruit of Vatican II, whose most significant musical legacy was the introduction of “vernacular” musical styles and instrumentation. In theory, this was just a possibility, reserved for very special circumstances. In practice, it basically amounted to actively encouraging the vernacular, anytime, anywhere, for any reason.
and also from Musicam Sacram:
“Anything done in churches, even if only for experimental purposes, which is unbecoming to the holiness of the place, the dignity of the liturgy and the devotion of the faithful, must be avoided”.
The use of other instruments may also be admitted in divine worship, …, provided that the instruments are suitable for sacred use, or can be adapted to it, that they are in keeping with the dignity of the temple, and truly contribute to the edification of the faithful.
… the use of the Latin language, with due respect to particular law, is to be preserved in the Latin rites.
Have you stopped by our local parish recently or, for that matter, any church in the diocese?
During Lent, from early childhood until just a few years ago, I practiced a religious observance of the Stations of the Cross. Our family attended Stations of the Cross when I was a youngster still at home and as our kids were growing up. It seems fitting to lament the reasons that that observance has fallen by the wayside in these last few years. I could accuse myself but I don’t think that would be fair since I still very much desire to accompany the Lord in the journey leading to His Passion and Death.
The Way of the Cross by St. Alphonsus Liguori was always (at least if my memory serves me correctly) the method followed in our local parish on Friday evenings during Lent. There is no better method for meditating on the agonies and sufferings that Christ and His Mother endured in His Passion and Death. However, since Vatican II (and arguably as a result of Vatican II) that method of following the Way of the Cross has fallen into infrequent if not total disuse. It has been replaced with socially acceptable versions of the Stations that celebrate our own journeys through life with little mention of the actual Passion of the Lord. We are admonished to “walk with our fellow man” or “see the suffering of Christ in the poor”. These may be worthy admonitions but let’s save them for the intercessory prayers at Novus Ordo Masses and concentrate on the Sacrifice our Lord made at Calvary. And the addition of a 15th station in order to mention the Resurrection distracts from the Lenten spirit and puts the horse before the cart. We can celebrate Christ’s rising from the dead on Easter Day and during the following season.
I doubt whether anything will change. The dumbing down of the liturgy has lead to an across the board desacralization of all things liturgical. From the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass to our private devotions, its all about us these days.
Vox Cantoris offers an analysis of the document published concerning liturgical music renewal which I commented on in a previous post. He offers a more knowledgeable and erudite commentary. We both reach the same conclusion.
There is quite a list of signatories. I find it strange that these people, with this mildly worded document, are attempting to rectify the music situation in the Church that has been in steady decline since Vatican II and shows no signs of reversal no matter who laments the current liturgical music crisis or the means they utilize in their attempts.
It will take a papal decree from the likes of a Pope St. Pius X to force the Church back to its liturgical roots. There doesn’t appear to be anything on the horizon.
Another attempt has been made to restore the sacred to liturgical music. Though there have been numerous attempts over the years since Vatican II (and the subsequent decimation of liturgical music) to restore sacred music to its proper elevated status in the liturgical worship of the Church, those efforts have only, for the most part, been realized in traditional parishes that embrace pre-Vatican II liturgical guidelines which include Gregorian chant and sacred polyphony as standard for liturgical music. The vast majority of parishes adhere to the self-indulgent, performance minded repertoire rife with guitars, the occasional drum set and all the pervasive OCP musical fodder.
Though well-intentioned, this is just another feeble effort at correcting the liturgical malaise rampant in many Catholic Churches today; obvious to traditional Catholics but woefully oblivious to most mainstream Catholics.
And quoting the current pontiff in an article on sacred music is akin to quoting him in an article extolling the virtues of and promoting traditional religious order (ie., the Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate).
The Council of Trent (Italy) in 1546 declared it (The Latin Vulgate) be the only authentic and official version for the Latin Rite: ” The same Sacred and Holy Synod … hereby declares and enacts that the same well-known Old Latin Vulgate edition … is to be held authentic in public readings, disputations,sermons, and expositions, and that no one shall dare or presume to reject it under any pretense whatsoever.” (DZ. 785). It is still the official Catholic Bible today.
(The English translation of the Latin Vulgate) is known as the Douay-Rheims Version.
Except for the modest modernizing of a few “archaic” words there seems to be no need for “new translations” of the bible. Therefore, when words such as “blessed” are changed to “happy” and gender neutral language is insert, you have to wonder about the motive for new translations.